Pilot Effectiveness Trials of Interventions for Preschoolers with ADHD (R34 Clinical Trial Required)

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Funding Opportunity ID:332955
Opportunity Number:RFA-MH-21-230
Opportunity Title:Pilot Effectiveness Trials of Interventions for Preschoolers with ADHD (R34 Clinical Trial Required)
Opportunity Category:Discretionary
Opportunity Category Explanation:
Funding Instrument Type:Grant
Category of Funding Activity:Health
Category Explanation:
CFDA Number(s):93.242
Eligible Applicants:State governments
County governments
City or township governments
Special district governments
Independent school districts
Public and State controlled institutions of higher education
Native American tribal governments (Federally recognized)
Public housing authorities/Indian housing authorities
Native American tribal organizations (other than Federally recognized tribal governments)
Nonprofits having a 501(c)(3) status with the IRS, other than institutions of higher education
Nonprofits that do not have a 501(c)(3) status with the IRS, other than institutions of higher education
Private institutions of higher education
For profit organizations other than small businesses
Small businesses
Others (see text field entitled “Additional Information on Eligibility” for clarification)
Additional Information on Eligibility:Other Eligible Applicants include the following: Alaska Native and Native Hawaiian Serving Institutions; Asian American Native American Pacific Islander Serving Institutions (AANAPISISs); Eligible Agencies of the Federal Government; Faith-based or Community-based Organizations; Hispanic-serving Institutions; Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs); Indian/Native American Tribal Governments (Other than Federally Recognized); Non-domestic (non-U.S.) Entities (Foreign Organizations); Regional Organizations; Tribally Controlled Colleges and Universities (TCCUs) ; U.S. Territory or Possession.
Agency Code:HHS-NIH11
Agency Name:Department of Health and Human Services
National Institutes of Health
Posted Date:Apr 19, 2021
Close Date:Mar 01, 2022
Last Updated Date:Apr 19, 2021
Award Ceiling:$225,000
Award Floor:$0
Estimated Total Program Funding:$1,250,000
Expected Number of Awards:5
Description:ADHD is a neurodevelopmental disorder with symptoms and impairments that emerge early and persist into adulthood for a substantial portion of affected individuals. While evidence-based treatments exist for school-age children and adolescents with ADHD, findings from longitudinal research suggests that children and adolescents who receive evidence-based interventions for ADHD remain significantly impaired relative to their non-ADHD peers over time. Early identification and intervention for young children with ADHD may be a necessary first step in normalizing symptoms across development and mitigating negative outcomes. The number of preschool children diagnosed with ADHD has been growing in recent years, more than doubling between 2007 and 2016 (Danielson et al., 2017). This increase may be due in part to the 2011 expansion of the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) ADHD Clinical Practice Guideline to include recommendations for children as young as 4-years-old (Wolraich et al., 2019). Behavioral interventions are recommended in the AAP Guideline as the first-line treatment for preschoolers with ADHD symptoms, due largely to parental preferences and data suggesting a higher rate of ADHD medication-related side effects and adverse events among younger children. Yet little research has been conducted to test the effectiveness of behavioral interventions in this population. A handful of completed NIMH-funded efficacy studies support the feasibility and promise of conducting interventions research in the preschool ADHD population. However, no preschool ADHD effectiveness trials designed to test service-ready, scalable approaches have been funded by NIMH to date, further highlighting the need for research in this area.
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